Hugh Trevor-Roper

Hugh Trevor-Roper

Author and Essayist (1914 – 2003)

Hugh Trevor-Roper was Regius Professor of Modern History at Oxford, and later Master of Peterhouse, Cambridge. During the War he entered the Secret Intelligence Service, and eventually was given the task of ascertaining Hitler’s ultimate fate. This investigation resulted in an extensive report which subsequently became his best-known book, The Last Days of Hitler. 

His work is renowned for its eclectic topics and witty, accessible prose – balanced with a clear sense of his powerful intellect. He wrote on topics as diverse as European 16th-century painting and the sinologist and political operator Sir Edmund Blackhouse. Through  a balance of scholarly thoroughness and engaging writing, he came to be regarded as one of the greatest historians of his time. 




In January Trevor-Roper died in a hospice aged 89. He had five books published posthumously. 

Archbishop Laud, 1573–1645 (1940)

The Last Days of Hitler (1947)

“The Elizabethan Aristocracy: An Anatomy Anatomized,” Economic History Review (1951)

Secret Conversations, 1941–1944 (1953)

Historical Essays (1957)

“The General Crisis of the Seventeenth Century”, Past and Present (1959)

“Hitlers Kriegsziele”, in Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitsgeschichte (1960) 

Aspects of the Third Reich (1985)

“A. J. P. Taylor, Hitler and the War”, Encounter (1961)

“E. H. Carr’s Success Story”, Encounter (1962)

Blitzkrieg to Defeat: Hitler’s War Directives, 1939–1945, (1964)

Essays in British history presented to Sir Keith Feiling edited by H.R. Trevor-Roper (1964)

The Rise of Christian Europe (1965)

Hitler’s Place in History (1965)

The Crisis of the Seventeenth Century: Religion, the Reformation, and Social Change, and Other Essays (1967)

The Age of Expansion, Europe and the World, 1559–1600, edited by Hugh Trevor-Roper (1968)

The Philby Affair: Espionage, Treason and Secret Services (1968)

The Romantic Movement and the Study of History: the John Coffin memorial lecture delivered before the University of London on 17 February 1969 (1969)

The European Witch-Craze of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries (1969)

The Plunder of the Arts in the Seventeenth Century, 1970.

The Letters of Mercurius (1970)

Queen Elizabeth’s First Historian: William Camden and the Beginning of English “Civil History” (1971)

“Fernand Braudel, the Annales, and the Mediterranean,” The Journal of Modern History Vol. 44, No. 4, (1972)

“Foreword” pages 9–16 from 1914: Delusion or Design The Testimony of Two German Diplomats (1973)

A Hidden Life: The Enigma of Sir Edmund Backhouse (1976)

Princes and Artists: Patronage and Ideology at Four Habsburg Courts, 1517–1633 (1976)

History and Imagination: A Valedictory Lecture Delivered before the University of Oxford on 20 May 1980 (1980)

Renaissance Essays (1985)

Catholics, Anglicans and Puritans: Seventeenth Century Essays (1987)

The Golden Age of Europe: From Elizabeth I to the Sun King, edited by Hugh Trevor-Roper (1987)

From Counter-Reformation to Glorious Revolution (1992)

Edward Gibbon – The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (1993)

Letters from Oxford: Hugh Trevor-Roper to Bernard Berenson (2006)

Europe’s Physician: The Various Life of Sir Theodore De Mayerne (2007)

The Invention of Scotland: Myth and History (2008)

History and the Enlightenment: Eighteenth Century Essays (2010)